Between website and domain

Between website and domain

Between website and domain

  • 4 months ago
  • postat de: NSHOST

In the early 1980s, computer scientists began building 'the world wide web' - a network that allowed PCs to “talk” to each other, and users could visit websites by physically entering their numeric address - numbers unique 32-bit assigned to each device or website - address known as the Internet Protocol Address System or IP address.

 


This system was a step forward, but it was far from ideal because more and more websites and computers were gaining access to the global network and a differentiation and finding of information was needed as quickly as possible. To avoid storing or compiling a list of random numbers of your favorite websites, the domain name system was created. Under this system, the owner of a website can register a name (if available), which could be used as a friendlier replacement for the IP address. 

After purchasing a domain, it is optional (but highly recommended) to register the name with OSIM for trademark protection and to protect future investment for the promotion of that domain / website.

Any domain can be used to configure specific email addresses on the contact@domeniultau.ro model and / or to launch a website. 


What exactly is a website?  


The website is a collection of pages and multimedia content, which can be accessed through a device, such as a laptop, smartphone or any other device with access to an internet connection. A web page is the physical manifestation of these documents and is what appears on the screen when a domain link is clicked, entering a web address or performing a search through a search engine (google, bing etc). Web pages are stored on a server according to its specifics - server where one or more domains can be hosted. For more options, study thehosting offer NSHOST to enjoy high performance and optimized web page loading times. Also, at NSHOST you can purchase, renew or transfer a multitude of domain extensions: from the classic '.ro' where NSHOST is an official ROTLD partner, to the global extension specific to a commercial site '.com', to other extensions such as' .net ',' .org ',' .info ',' .eu ',' .mobi 'or even' .tv '.


Categories of TLDs


A domain name is built from the name chosen by a particular entity to launch a website and a classification component of that domain - in other words: domain extension, TLD or "root" domain.

Responsibility for managing most of these domain extensions is delegated to certain organizations by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Numbers and Numbers (ICANN), which operates the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and is responsible for maintaining the DNS root zone.

Initially, domain extensions were organized into three main groups: countries, categories, and global organizations. There are now several types of extensions: 

  • ARPA -infrastructure extensions

  • gTLD- generic domains with 3 or more characters

  • grTLD- restricted generic

  • sTLD domains - domains proposed and sponsored by private organizations

  • ccTLD- 2-letter domains set for countries / territories

  • tTLD- test domains that are not present in root zones


Domain extensions (top domains)


W3Techs maintains a list of the number of websites that use different top-level domains. Today, October 20, 2020, the top five top-level extensions were .com (51.6%), .ru (6.3%), .org (4.5%), .net (3.4%) and .in (1.6%). These five domains, as well as the vast majority of all other domains, can be roughly divided into two categories: generic code and country code.


There are many categories of TLDs:

  • .com: short for commercial, .com was created for commercial use and is the most searched and used TLD.

  • .org: the abbreviation of the organization, .org was intended for non-profit organizations

  • .net: the abbreviation of the network, .net was made for internet service providers and network technology companies, adopted over time and for commercial use;

  • .edu: abbreviation for education, especially higher education

  • .gov: abbreviation for government, .gov is used by government agencies at both state and federal level

  • .mil: abbreviation for military

  • territorial codes: such as. ro, .eu

  • recent extensions with suggestive names that help a domain to be found faster on a specific search: .shop, .blog, .app etc

  • even a very personal extension such as .me (a ccTLD type TLD set for Montenegro ), but which can get an interesting meaning in a combination such as: educate.me 


The domain name matters and the price at which you buy it differs from provider to provider. If you choose to buy the domain from NSHOST  we can guarantee you the best prices plus a quick and very simple process of finding the right domain, choosing the extension (extensions you want) and configuring the optimal hosting plan for maximum performance for the hosted domains.